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The following page has been assembled from presentations given by the Western Ontario Sport Sciences Committee. We hope you find it useful as an overview on an emerging topic that may impact our skaters as they progress through the competitive system.

The 3 topics featured below are:
1. Western Ontario Sport Sciences Committee
2. Notes from the Doping Control Seminar - Promoting Excellence in Sport
3. Emergency Action Plan

1. Western Ontario Sport Sciences Committee

The role the Sport Sciences Committee plays in the Section
To provide leadership in Sports Safety and Awareness to the Western Ontario Section

Committee Mandates
• Standardization of Events
• Standardization of Clinics in Section
• Education
• Injury Data Base
• Research Ethics Committee
• Emergency Action Plan for Skating Clubs

Committee Members
• Chiropractors
• Exercise Specialists
• Medical Doctors
• Therapists
• WOS Board Members

VISION
To provide leadership in Sports Safety and Awareness to the Western Ontario Section

2. Notes from the Doping Control Seminar - Promoting Excellence in Sport

CCES Authorization

Asthma Medications - inhalers only
Written authorization from the CCES is required for the use of B2-agonists
Salbutamol (Ventolin)
Salmeterol (Serevent)
Trebutaline (Bricanyl)

Classes of Drugs Subject to Certain Restrictions

The use of corticosteroids is limited to topical use (creams etc.), inhalation (e.g. in asthma rhinitis) and local or intra-articular injections. Of the Beta 2 agonists, only salbutamol, terbutaline and salmeterol are permitted and only by inhalation. Written notification of insulin dependent diabetes must be submitted to the ISU Secretariat by the skaterís endocrinologist or team physician. (sec. 1.2.3)

The administration and use of corticosteroids or Beta 2 agonists as listed must be reported on the ISU Medical Notification Form which must be given to the ISU Medical Advisor or the ISU Representative PRIOR to the competition. Such written report will be recorded on the doping control form. (sec. 1.2.4)

Each skater requiring Beta 2 agonists or inhaled corticosteroids for asthma must submit a letter, to the ISU Secretariat, from a respiratory physician or team physician at the beginning of each season. (sec. 1.2.5)

What is Doping? (Based on ISU Communication No. 1030)

Defined as the deliberate or inadvertent use by an athlete of a substance or method banned by the International Olympic Committee (IOC ).

Doping is also prohibited by international and Canadian Sport Governing Bodies and Sport Canada.

ISU - Anti-Doping Rules

Defined as the use of artifice, whether substance or method, potentially dangerous to athletesí health and/or capable of enhancing their performances, or the presence in the athletesí body of a substance, or ascertainment of the use of a method on the list annexed to the Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code (sec 1.2.1)

This Code applies to all athletes, coaches, instructors, officials, and to all medical and paramedical staff working with athletes or treating athletes participating in or training of sports competitions organized within the framework of the ISU. (sec. 1.2.1)

Selection for Doping Control

1. Announced - prescheduled tests that are conducted at the time of competitions or at identified training camps.

2. Unannounced - athletes may be selected at any time during the year.

Competition Selection

ISU Championships - the following minimal Doping Control tests will be carried out in both Junior and Senior categories. (sec. 2.2)
4 best ranked skaters of the final results in Singles (after Free Program), Pairs Skating (after Free Program) and Ice Dance (after the Free Dance) (sec. 2.2.1 - 2.2.3)

Banned, Restricted and Permitted Substances and Methods

5 categories of substances banned by the IOC.
Stimulants (eg. amphetamines)
Narcotics (eg. painkillers)
Anabolic agents (eg. testosterone)
Diuretics (eg. frusemide)
Peptide Hormones and Analogues (eg. erythropoietin)

Banned Doping Methods:
Blood Doping
Pharmacological, chemical and physical manipulation of urine (may alter the integrity and validity a urine sample

Drugs Subject to Certain Restrictions:
Beta Blockers
Alcohol
Marijuana
Local Anaesthetics
Corticosteroids

Doping Control Statistics for All Canadian Athletes (Statistics Based on CCES Results for 1999)

. Unannounced Announced Total Infractions
All Sports 1339 1672 3011 31
Figure Skating 9 8 17 0

Competition Selection
One skater from the remainder of the skaters shall be selected by random draw in Singles, Pairs Skating and Ice Dance. In Pairs Skating an Ice Dance either male or female but not both shall be tested and shall be selected by draw.
If there are qualifying rounds, doping control may be carried out. (sec. 2.2.1 - 2.2.3)

Competition Selection (Synchro)
For a World Synchronized Champion-ship (as of year 2000) and other Events designed by the ISU, two competitors randomly selected from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd teams plus two competitors from one other team randomly selected shall be tested. Both junior and senior teams will be tested. (sec. 2.3.1)

Unannounced Doping Control
You are contacted by the CCES (ISU) and are to appear at a Doping Control Station within twenty-four (24) hours (short notice testing).
An authorized Doping Control Officer (DCO) arrives at your training or competition venue and presents you with an official Athlete Selection Order (no notice testing).

3. Emergency Action Plan

Advised for all WOS Figure Skating Clubs

First Aid Courses (Based on Skate Canada Requirements Mar/99)

The St. Johnís Ambulance and Red Cross courses continue to be the preferred first aid courses. However, in extenuating circumstances (most commonly geographic limitations or job related courses) other first aid courses may be considered for approval by the Section Coaching Committee and consequently be submitted for the purpose of certification and accreditation.
If a course is approved, the Section Coaches Committee must advise the Coaches Certification Coordinator at the National Office, in writing so that the course can be added to the master list of approved first aid courses.

Courses other than St Johnís or Red Cross must satisfy the following five (5) criteria in order to be approved:
• The course must be a minimum of 7 hours in length;
• The course must have an expiry of 3 years or less;
• The course must include a written test;
• The course must incorporate a practical component (e.g. slings, splints, etc.)
• The course must be emergency related.

Coaches who are an active member of a group of licensed health care professionals (e.g. Fire Fighters, Nurses, Chiropractors, Physiotherapists, Police, Athletic Therapists, etc.) are not required to complete an additional first aid course for the purposes of certification and accreditation. The Coaching Department will investigate these requests as they arise in order to determine if the coachís previous first aid training does in fact meet the minimum criteria.

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